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Come Back to Tang Dynasty: A History of Xi’an
Posted by: Leoyoung (IP Logged)
Date: May 15, 2012 02:01AM
Come Back to Tang Dynasty: A History of Xi’an

Xi'an, anciently called Chang'an, is the provincial capital of Shaanxi Province of China. It was authorized by the UNESCO as a world-famous historic city in 1981.

With a history of more than 3100 years, Xi'an is one of the four Great Ancient Capital Cities together with Athens, Rome and Cairo. From the 11th century BC to the 10th century A.D, there were a total of about 13 dynasties or regimes which made Xi’an their capital. Among these dynasties, Xi'an was the most prosperous city in the world. Especially during the Han and Tang dynasties, Xi'an city was very grand and was an international city famous around the world.

Xi'an was the start point of "Silk Road". The Silk Road, or Silk Routes, is an ancient passageway that has connected the civilizations from China, India, Persia, and Arabia with those from Greece and Rome. Over many centuries it vigorously promoted economic and cultural development in both western and eastern countries, and especially those regions along the route. Its influence was of world significance. How to learn Chinese? Silk was only one item in the abundant material and cultural exchange on the route. But people all over the world were happy to accept and call it the Silk Road, when a modern French historian gave it that name.

More than 3,000 years of history including over 1,100 years as the capital city of ancient dynasties, have endowed Xian with an amazing historical heritage. Tourists marvel at the numerous historical sites and cultural relics in and around the city.

At the mention of the great number of Xian attractions, terracotta soldiers always come as the first. The great archeological excavation of Qin (221BC-206BC) Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses unfolded a strong army of altogether 7,000 life-size pottery soldiers, horses, chariots and weapons arranged in battle formations symbolically, guarding the tomb of Emperor Qin Shi Huang. The grand Mausoleum of the first emperor of Qin and the warriors and horses buried in loess for over 2,000 years amaze every visitor there. Now the Emperor Qin Shi Huang's Mausoleum Site Park was just built on the entire tomb site to offer more spots worthwhile exploring.

Adorned with a moat and the circular City Wall Park, the wall surrounds the square inner city of Xian. It is the most complete city wall to survive in China, as well being one of the largest ancient military defensive systems in the world, built first in the early Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) and renovated in recent years.

Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 05/15/2012 02:03AM by Leoyoung.

Re: Come Back to Tang Dynasty: A History of Xi’an
Posted by: Johnotvi (IP Logged)
Date: October 21, 2012 12:59AM
I have visited Xian twice and found it a very interesting place. You mention that Xian was the start of the Silk Road. This meant Xian was a melting pot of cultures and this is still evident today.

One of my great joys was shopping in Xian particularly at the Muslim markets, just round the corner from the Drum Tower.

There is a Muslim mosque as well. The Muslim influence is a direct result of Muslim traders who came along the Silk Road.

There is so much to see in Xian apart from the Terracotta Soldiers.

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