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Conversation 1 : What's your family name? (您贵姓)

- Nín
guì
xìng?
-
xìng
Zhāng.
-
jiào
shénme
什么
míngzi?
名字
-
jiào
Zhāng
Jīngshēng.
京生
-
xìng
shénme?
什么
-
xìng
Wāng.
nín(pro)you (respectful)
guì(adj)honour
xìng(n)surname
(v)be surnamed
(pro)I, me
Zhāng(n)(a surname)
(pro)you
jiào(v)call
什么shénme(pro)what
名字míngzi(n)name
京生Jīngshēng(pro)(a first name)
(pro)he
Wāng(n)(a surname)

Translation

- What's your (family) name?
- My family name is Zhang.
- What's your first name?
- My first name is Jingsheng.
- What's his family name?
- His family name is Wang.

Conversation 2 : Who is he? (他是谁)

-
shì
shéi?
谁?
-
shì
wǒde
我的
lǎoshī.
老师。
-
rènshi
认识
ma?
吗?
- Rènshi,
认识,
shì
Zhāng
lǎoshī
老师
de
xuésheng.
学生。
shì(v)be
shéi(pro)who
de(part)(possessive particle)
我的wǒde(pro)my
老师lǎoshī(n)teacher
认识rènshi(v)know
ma(part)(question particle)
学生xuésheng(n)student

Translation

- Who is it (he)?
- He is my teacher.
- Do you know him?
- Yes, he is a student of teacher Zhang.

Conversation 3 : What's your friend's name? (你的朋友叫什么名字?)

- Nǐde
你的
péngyou
朋友
jiào
shénme
什么
míngzi?
名字?
-
xìng
Lǐ,
李,
jiào
Dàhǎi.
大海。
-
shì
tāde
他的
xìng,
姓,
hǎi
shì
Shànghǎi
上海
de
hǎi.
海。
你的nǐde(pro)your
朋友péngyou(n)friend
(n)(a surname)
大海Dàhǎi(n)(a first name)
他的tāde(pro)his
hǎi(n)sea
上海Shànghǎi(n)Shanghai

Translation

- What is your friend's name?
- His family name is Li, his first name is Dahai.
- Li is his family name, "hai" is the same "hai" than in Shanghai.

Grammar

Question with an interrogative pronoun

A question with an interrogative pronoun has the same word order as that of a declarative sentence.
Example:
- 他是谁?Who is he?
- 他是我的学生。He is my student.

The interrogative particle 吗

When the interrogative particle 吗 (ma) is added at the end of a declarative sentence, it becomes a question.
Example:
- 你认识他。You know him.
- 你认识他吗?Do you know him?
- 他是老师。He is a teacher.
- 他是老师吗?Is he a teacher?

The possesive particle 的

When used attributively to show possession, a noun usually takes the structural particle 的 (de) after it.
Example:
- 我的老师 my teacher
- 老师的学生teacher's student

Calligraphy exercises

29 new characters. Click on the character to open its page (calligraphy, writing rules, etymology...)

Character 您
Character 京
Character 朋

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Learn how to tell your country and nationality in mandarin chinese.
Vocabulary : Have you been to China? Countries and Nationalities.


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