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Conversation 1 : Which country are you going to? (您去哪个国家)

- Xiānsheng,
先生
nín
guójiā?
国家
-
Zhōngguó.
中国
- Nín
shì
Zhōngguórén
中国人
ma?
- Shìde,
是的
shì
Zhōngguórén.
中国人
先生xiānsheng(n)Mr.
(v)go
(pro)which
(m)(a measure word)
国家guójiā(n)country
中国Zhōngguó(n)China
rén(n)person
中国人Zhōngguórén(n)Chinese person
是的shìdeyes, all right

Translation

- Mister, which country are you going to?
- I go to China.
- Are you Chinese?
- Yes, I'm Chinese.

Conversation 2 : Which country are you from? (你是哪国人)

- Xiǎojiě,
小姐
shì
guó
rén?
-
shì
Měiguórén.
美国人
- Tāmen
他们
shì
Měiguórén
美国人
ma?
-
tāmen
他们
shì
Měiguórén.
美国人
Tāmen
他们
dōu
shì
Yīngguórén
英国人
小姐xiǎojiě(n)Miss
guó(v)country
美国Měiguó(n)U.S.A
(plural suffix)
他们tāmen(pro)they
(adv)also, too
bù, bú(adv)no, not
dōu(adv)all
英国Yīngguó(n)Britain

Translation

- Miss, which country are you from?
- I'm American.
- Are they American too?
- No, they are not american, they are all English.

Conversation 3 : Have you been to China? (你去过中国吗?)

-
guo
Zhōngguó
中国
ma?
-
méi
guo
Zhōngguó.
中国
-
xiǎng
Zhōngguó
中国
ma?
-
hěn
xiǎng
Zhōngguó.
中国
guo(part)past particle
méi(adv)no, not
xiǎng(v)want to, think
hěn(adv)very

Translation

- Have you been to China?
- I haven't been to China.
- Do you want to go to China?
- I really want to go to China.

Grammar

The verbal particles 过 and 没

The verbal particle 过 which occurs immediately after a verb denotes that some actions took place in the past. It is often used to emphasize an experience. The negative form of "verb + 过" is "没 + verb + 过".
Example:
- 我 去 过 美国。 - I have been to the USA.
- 我 没 去 过 美国。 - I have'nt been to the USA.

Phrase structure

The adverbs are placed before the verb.
Example:
- 我 是 中国人。 - I am Chinese too.
- 我们 是 中国人。 - We are all Chinese.
- 我 是 中国人。 - I am not Chinese.

The verb 想

想 is an optative verb. The optative verb is placed before the verb.
Example:
- 你 想 去 中国 吗? - Do you want to go to China?
- 我 很 想 去 中国。 - I really want to go to China.

Exercises : Substitution Drills

Exercise 1

- Nín
guójiā?
国家
-
Zhōngguó.
中国
法国Fǎguó(n)France
德国Déguó(n)Germany
加拿大Jiānádà(n)Canada
意大利Yìdàlì(n)Italy
日本Rīběn(n)Japan

Exercise 2

- Nín
shì
Zhōngguórén
中国人
ma?
-
( bú )
shì
Zhōngguórén.
中国人
法国人Fǎguórén(n)French (people)
德国人Déguórén(n)German
加拿大人Jiānádàrén(n)Canadian
意大利人Yìdàlìrén(n)Italian
日本人Rīběnrén(n)Japanese

Exercise 3

-
shì
guó
rén?
-
shì
Měiguórén.
美国人
(pro)you
(pro)I, me
你们nǐmen(pro)you (plural)
我们wǒmen(pro)we
(pro)he
(pro)she
他们tāmen(pro)they

Calligraphy exercises

20 new characters. Click on the character to open its page (calligraphy, writing rules, etymology...)

Character 中
Character 国

Memorize, practice and test your vocabulary from lesson 5
Online chinese exercises
Review and memorize online chinese lessons vocabulary. Characters, pinyin and english definition.

Next Lesson

Learn Chinese, free online audio courses
Learn how to ask and answer "where are you from" in mandarin chinese.
Vocabulary : chinese cities, places.


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