Conversation 1 : What day is today?

- Jīntiān
今天
yuè
hào?
- Jīntiān
今天
5 yuè
5月
23 hào.
23号
- Míngtiān
明天
xīngqī
星期
jǐ?
- Míngtiān
明天
xīngqīliù.
星期六
今天jīntiān(n)today
(pro)how many
yuè(n)month, moon
hào(n)number, date
5月5 yuè(n)May
明天míngtiān(n)tomorrow
星期xīngqī(n)week
星期六xīngqīliù(n)Saturday

Translation

- What day is today?
- It's May the 23rd. ( Today 5th month, 23rd day )
- What day of the week is tomorrow?
- It's Saturday. ( Tomorrow 6th day of the week )

Conversation 2 : What day of the week?

- 5 yuè
5月
25 hào
25号
shì
xīngqī
星期
jǐ?
- 5 yuè
5月
25 hào
25号
shì
xīngqītiān.
星期天
- Zhè
yuè
8 hào
8号
shì
xīngqī
星期
jǐ?
- Zhè
yuè
8 hào
8号
shì
xīngqīsì.
星期四
- Xià
xīngqīsān
星期三
shì
yuè
hào?
- Xià
xīngqīsān
星期三
shì
5 yuè
5月
28 hào.
28号
星期天xīngqītiān(n)Sunday
星期三xīngqīsān(n)Wednesday
这个月Zhè gè yùethis month
下个星期Xià gè xīngqīnext week

Translation

- What day of the week is the 25th of May?
- The 25th of May is a Sunday.
- What day of the week is the 8th of this month?
- the 8th of this month is a Thursday.
- What's the date of next Wednesday?
- Next Wednesday is May 8th.

Conversation 3 : In which year are we?

- Jīnnián
今年
shì
shì
2005 nián?
2005年
- Jīnnián
今年
shì
2005 nián,
2005年
jīnnián
今年
shì
2006 nián
2006年
qùnián
去年
shì
2005 nián.
2005年
nián(n)Year
今年jīnnián(n)this year
去年qùnián(n)last year
明年míngnián(n)next year

Translation

- Are we in 2005? ( This year is 2005? )
- We aren't in 2005 ( This year is not 2005 ), we are in 2006 ( This year is 2006 ), last year was 2005.

Grammar

Phrase structure

A sentence in which the main element of the predicate is a noun, a nominal construction or a numeral-measure word is called a sentence with nominal predicate. The verb 是 is, as a rule, not used in a sentence of this kind.
Example:
- 今天 5月20号 : Today is May 20th, instead of 今天5月20号.
- 明天 星期三 : Tomorrow is Wednesday, instead of 明天星期三.

Phrase structure : question

An affirmative-negative question is another form of question which is made by juxtaposing the affirmative and negative forms of the predicative verb or adjective.
Example:
- 今年 是不是 1999年? Are we in 1999?
- 你 去不去 美国? Are you going to the USA?
- 你 姓不姓 张? Is you family name Zhang?
- 你 叫不叫 张京生? Is you name Zhang Jingsheng?

Exercises : Substitution Drills

Exercise 1

- Jīntiān
今天
yuè
hào?
- Jīntiān
今天
wǔ yuè
5月
23 hào.
23号
1月yīyuè(n)January
2月èryuè(n)February
3月sānyuè(n)March
12月shíèryuè(n)December

Exercise 2

-
Míngtiān
明天
xīngqī
星期
jǐ ?
- Míngtiān
明天
xīngqīliù.
星期六
昨天zuó tiān(n)yesterday
前天qián tiān(n)the day before yesterday
明天míng tiān(n)tomorrow
后天hòu tiān(n)the day after tomorrow
星期一xīngqīyī(n)monday
星期二xīngqīèr(n)tuesday
星期三xīngqīsān(n)wednesday

Exercise 3

-
Xià gè xīngqīsān
下 个 星期三
shì
jǐ yuè
几月
jǐ hào?
几号
- Xià gè xīngqīsān
下 个 星期三
shì
5 yuè
5月
23 hào?
23号
下 个 星期xià gè xīngqī(n)next week
这 个 星期zhè gè xīngqī(n)this week
上 个 星期shàng gè xīngqī(n)last week

Memorize, practice and test your vocabulary from lesson 7
Online chinese exercises
Review and memorize online chinese lessons vocabulary. Characters, pinyin and english definition.

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