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Conversation 1 : When is your birthday?

- Xiānsheng,
先生
nín
shì
nián
chūshēng
出生
de?
的?
-
shì
1976
1976
nián
chūshēng
出生
de.
的。
- Nín
de
shēngrì
生日
shì
jǐ yuè
几月
jǐ hào ?
几号?
-
de
shēngrì
生日
shì
3 yuè
3月
5 hào.
5号。
出生chūshēng(v)birth
de(part)a modal particle
生日shēngrì(n)birthday

Translation

- Mister, in which year were you born?
- I was born in 1976.
- When is your birthday? ( Your birthday is what month what day? )
- The 5th of march.( My birthday is March, 5th )

Conversation 2 : How old are you?

-
jīnnián
今年
duō
dà ?
大?
-
jīnnián
今年
30 suì.
30岁。
duō(n)how much, how many
多大duōdà(n)how old
suì(n)year (of age)

Translation

- How old are you? ( this year )
- I'm 30.

Conversation 3 : When will you be in Beijing?

- Nín
shì
shénme
什么
shíhou
时候
dào
Běijīng
北京
de?
-
shì
8 yuè
8月
7 hào
7号
dào
Běijīng
北京
de.
的。
- Nín
xiǎng
tiān
Shànghǎi ?
上海?
-
xiǎng
xià
xīngqīwǔ
星期五
Shànghǎi.
上海。
时候shíhou(n)time, moment
什么时候shénmeshíhou(n)when
dào(v)arrive, up to
tiān(n)day

Translation

- When did you arrive in Beijing?
- I arrive July the 8th.
- When ( what day ) do you want to go to Shanghai?
- I want to go to Shanghai next friday.

Conversation 4 : When will you go back?

-
dǎsuàn
打算
shénmeshíhou
什么时候
huí
guó ?
国?
-
dǎsuàn
打算
míngnián
明年
9 yuè
9月
huí
guó.
国。
Hòunián
后年
hái
dǎsuàn
打算
lái
Zhōngguó.
中国。
打算dǎsuàn(v)plan, intend
huí(v)return
guó(n)country
hái(adv)also, too
lái(v)come

Translation

- When will you bo back? ( when dou you plan to go back to your country )
- September of next year. ( I plan to go back September of next year )
  I plan to come back in China in two years. ( In two years, I plan to return to China)

Grammar

Phrase structure : 是...的

是...的 is used in a sentence to emphasize the time, place or manner of an action which took place in the past. 是 is placed before the word group that is emphasized (是 may sometimes be omitted) and 的 comes after the verb or at the end of the sentence.
Example:
- 你 是 哪年 出生 的? Which year are you born?
- 我 是 1976年 出生 的。 I'm born in 1976?
- 你 是 什么时候 到 北京 的? When did you arrive in Beijing?
- 我 是 昨天 到北 京 的。 I arrived in Beijing yesterday?

Time, adverb position

When an adverbial adjunct denotes the time of an action, it can be put before the subject or verb.
Example:
- 我 想 明天 去 上海。I'll go to Shanghai tomorrow.
- 我 打算 明天 回国。 I'll go back tomorrow.
- 明年 我 打算 还 来 中国。 I plan to be back in China next year.

Exercises : Substitution Drills

Exercise 1

-
Nín
shì
nián
chūshéng
出生
de?
-
shì
1978 nián
1978 年
chūshēng
出生
de.
Sub. 1Sub. 2
他,她he, she1980 年
you1973 年
你的朋友nǐdepéngyouyour friend1968 年
她的姐姐tādejiějiěher elder sister1953 年
我的老师wǒdelǎoshīmy teacher1947 年

Exercise 2

-
Nín
jīngnián
今年
duōdà ?
多大
-
jīnnián
今年
30 suì.
30岁
Sub. 1Sub. 2
you19 岁
你的同学nǐdetóngxuéyour classmate26 岁
他的妈妈tādemāmahis mum35 岁
她的同事tādetóngshìher workmate39 岁
张老师ZhānglǎoshīProfessor Zhang50 岁

Exercise 3

-
shì
shénmeshíhou
什么时候
dào
Běijīng
北京
de?
-
shì
8yuè7hào
8月7号
dào
Běijīng
北京
de.
Sub. 1
1月6号1yuè8hàoJanuary 6th
昨天zuótiānyesterday
上个星期四shànggèxīngqīsìlast thursday
上个月shànggèyuèlast month
前天qiántiānthe day before yesterday
Sub. 2
上海Shànghǎi
大连Dàlián
广州GuǎngzhōuCanton
天津Tiānjīn
西安Xī'ān

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Vocabulary : What time is it now? When will you go back?


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