Conversation 1 : What time is it?

- Xiànzài
现在
diǎn
le ?
- Xiànzài
现在
chà
yí kè
1刻
bā diǎn.
8点
现在xiànzài(n)now
diǎn(n)o'clock
le(part)a modal particle
chà(v)be short of
(n)a quarter (of an hour)

Translation

- What time is it?
- It's a quarter to eight.

Conversation 2 : What time do you get up?

- Měitiān
每天
zǎoshàng
早上
diǎn
chuáng?
床?
-
liùdiǎn
6点
bàn
qǐchuáng.
起床。
-
shàngwǔ
上午
shénme shíhou
什么时候
shàngkè?
上课?
- Wǒmen
我们
shàngwǔ
上午
bādiǎn
8点
kāishǐ
开始
shàngkè.
上课。
měi(adj)every
每天měitiān(n)everyday
(v)to rise
chuáng(n)bed
起床qǐchuáng(v)to get up
bàn(n)a half
上午shàngwǔ(n)morning
(n)class, lesson
上课shàngkè(v)attend class
开始kāishǐ(v)begin

Translation

- What time do you get up in the morning? ( every morning )
- I wake up at half past six.
- What time do you have class in the morning?
- Class begins at 8:00 AM.
( we start attending class at 8:00 AM )

Conversation 3 : What time do you have a break?

- Nǐmen
你们
jǐdiǎn
几点
xiūxi?
休息?
- Wǒmen
我们
shí diǎn shí fēn
10点10分
zuǒyòu
左右
xiūxi.
休息。
- Xiūxi
休息
de
shíhou
时候
nǐmen
你们
zuò
shénme?
什么?
- Yǒude
有的
rén
kāfēi,
咖啡,
yǒude
有的
rén
xīyān.
吸烟。
休息xiūxi(v)have a rest
fēn(n)minute
左右zuǒyòu(v)about, or so
时候shíhou(n)time, moment
有的yǒude(n)some
(v)drink
咖啡kāfēi(n)coffee
吸烟xīyān(v)smoke

Translation

- What time do you have a break?
- At about 10:10. ( we have a break at... )
- What do you do during the break?
- Some people have a coffee, some people smokes.

Conversation 4 : When will you go back?

- Zhōngwǔ
中午
jǐdiǎn
几点
chī
wǔfàn?
午饭?
- Yǒushíhou
有时候
yì diǎn,
一点
yǒushíhou
有时候
liǎng diǎn.
两点。
Chī
wǔfàn
午饭
yǐhòu,
以后,
huí
jiā.
家。
中午zhōngwǔ(n)noon
chī(v)eat
fàn(n)rice, meal
午饭wǔfàn(n)lunch
有时候yǒushíhousometimes
以后yǐhòu(v)after
liǎng(n)two
jiā(v)family, home

Translation

- At what time do you have lunch?
- Sometimes at 1PM, sometimes at 2PM. After lunch, I go back home.

Grammar

Phrase structure : verb 的 noum

When used attributively, a verb or a verbal construction must take after it the structural particle 的.
Example:
- 休息 的 时候 resting time (to rest + time)
- 吃饭 的 时候 eating time (to eat + time)

Two : 二 and 两

Both 二 and 两 mean "two". When "two" comes before a measure word, 两 is used instead of 二.
Example:
- 两点 two o'clock
- 两分钟 two minutes
- 两个人 two people

Exercises : Substitution Drills

Exercise 1

- Xiànzài
现在
diǎn
le ?
- Xiànzài
现在
liǎng diǎn bàn.
两点半
两点十分liǎng diǎn shí fēn2:10
两点一刻liǎngdiǎnyīkè2:15
差一刻八点chàyíkèbādiǎn7:45
差五分钟两点chàwǔfēnzhōng liǎngdiǎn1:55

Exercise 2

-
shàngwǔ
上午
shénme shíhou
什么时候
shàngkè ?
上课
- Wǒmen
我们
shàngwǔ
上午
8 diǎn
8点
kāishǐ
开始
shàngkè.
上课
Sub. 1Sub. 2
早上zǎoshangmorning8:00
上午shàngwǔforenoon11:00
中午zhōngwǔnoon1:00
下午xiàwǔafternoon2:30
晚上wǎnshangevening7:30

Exercise 3

- Xiūxi
休息
de
shíhou
时候
nǐmen
你们
zuò
shénme ?
什么
- Yǒude
有的
rén
hē kāfēi,
喝 咖啡
yǒude
有的
rén
xī yān.
吸烟
喝茶hē chádrink tea
去厕所qù cèsuǒgo to the toilet
打电话dǎ diànhuàmake a phone call
吸烟xī yānsmoke

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Vocabulary : Where do you go this morning?

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