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Conversation 1 : Where do you go this morning?

- Jīntiān
今天
shàngwǔ
上午
nǎr ?
哪儿?
-
Běijīng
北京
Fàndiàn.
饭店。
-
Běijīng
北京
Fàndiàn
饭店
gàn
shénme?
什么?
-
nàr
那儿
kàn
péngyou.
朋友。
饭店fàndiàn(n)hotel
gàn(v)do
哪儿nǎr(pro)where
那儿nàr(pro)there
kàn(v)look at, see
(m)(a measure word)

Translation

- Where do you go this morning?
- I go to the "Beijing Hotel".
- What for? ( You go to the Beijing Hotel to do what )
- I go there to see a friend.

Conversation 2 : Who are you going with?

-
gēn
shéi
yìqǐ
一起
qù?
去?
-
gēn
de
nǚpéngyou
女朋友
yìqǐ
一起
qù.
去。
gēn(prep)with
一起yìqǐ(adv)together
女朋友nǚpéngyou(n)girlfriend

Translation

- Who are you going with? ( with who together are you going )
- I go with my girlfriend.

Conversation 3 : Do you have free time?

- Jīntiān
今天
xiàwǔ
下午
yǒu
kòngr
空儿
ma?
吗?
- Sāndiǎn
3点
yǐqián
以前
méi
yǒu
kòngr.
空儿。
- Xiàwǔ
下午
kàn
diànyǐng.
电影。
qù ?
去?
- Qù.
去。
Kàn
diànyǐng
电影
yǐhòu
以后
xiǎng
nǎr ?
哪儿?
yǒu(v)have
空儿kòngr(n)free time
以前yǐqián(n)before
以后yǐhòu(n)after
méi(adv)not
电影diànyǐng(n)film

Translation

- This afternoon ( today afternoon ), do you have free time?
- Before 3pm, I don't have free time.
- This afternoon I go to watch a movie. Do you want to go?
- Yes. And after the movie, where do you want to go?

Conversation 4 : Shall we go to the restaurant?

- Wǒmen
我们
yìqǐ
一起
fànguǎnr
饭馆儿
chīfàn,
吃饭,
hǎo
ma?
吗?
- Xíng.
行。
Xiànzài
现在
shàng
nǎr
哪儿
qù ?
去?
-
shāngdiàn
商店
mǎi
dōngxi.
东西。
饭馆儿fànguǎnr(n)restaurant
chī(v)eat
fàn(n)rice, meal
hǎo(n)good
好吗hǎomais it ok?
xíngall right
shàng(v)go
商店shāngdiàn(n)shop, store
mǎi(v)buy
东西dōngxi(n)thing

Translation

- We go together to eat in a restaurant, ok?
- Ok. Where are you going now?
- I'm going to buy some stuff?

Grammar

The preposition 跟 (with)

The prepositional construction 跟... is very often used in front of the verb as an adverbial adjunct.
Example:
- 你 跟谁 一起 去商店? Who do you go to the shop with?
- 我 跟朋友 一起 去商店。 I go to the shop with friends

Negative form : 没

The negative form of the verb 有 is 没有.
Example:
- 你 空儿吗? Do you have free time?
- 我 没有 空儿。 I don't have free time.

Exercises : Substitution Drills

Exercise 1

- Jīntiān
今天
shàngwǔ
上午
nǎr ?
哪儿
- Jīntiān
今天
shàngwǔ
上午
shāngdiàn.
商店
银行yínhángbank
书店shūdiànbookshop
邮局yóujúpost office
咖啡馆kāfēiguǎncoffee house
茶馆cháguǎntea house
电影院diànyǐngyuàncinema
大学dàxuéuniversity
教室jiàoshìclassroom
医院yīyuànhospital

Exercise 2

-
gēn
shéi
yìqǐ
一起
qù ?
-
gēn
wǒde
我的
nǚpéngyou
女朋友
yìqǐ
一起
qù.
男朋友nánpéngyouboyfriend
同学tóngxuéclassmate
同事tóngshìcolleague
爱人àirenhusband / wife
孩子háizichild

Exercise 3

- Wǒmen
我们
yìqǐ
一起
chī fàn
吃饭
hǎoma ?
好吗
- Xíng.
看电影kàn diànyǐngwatch a movie
买东西mǎi dōngxibuy things
喝咖啡hē kāfēidrink coffee
喝茶hē chádrink tea
看老师kàn lǎoshīsee a teacher

Memorize, practice and test your vocabulary from lesson 10
Online chinese exercises
Review and memorize online chinese lessons vocabulary. Characters, pinyin and english definition.

Next Lesson

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Introduction to the Chinese Measure word, grammar, examples and exercises.
Vocabulary : this, that, What's this? Is this your dictionary?


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