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Conversation 1 : What's this?

- Zhè
shì
shénme ?
什么?
- Zhè
shì
shū.
书。
shì
shénme
什么
dōngxi?
东西?
-
shì
shuǐguǒ.
水果。
zhè(pro)this
(pro)that
shū(n)book
东西dōngxi(n)thing
水果shuǐguǒ(n)fruit

Translation

- What is this?
- This is a book. And what is that thing? ( That is what thing? )
- That is a fruit.

Conversation 2 : What fruit is that?

-
shì
shénme
什么
shuǐguǒ ?
水果?
-
shì
píngguǒ.
苹果。
- Zhè
shì
zhī
gāngbǐ ?
钢笔?
- Zhè
shì
sān
zhī
gāngbǐ.
钢笔。
苹果píngguǒ(n)apple
zhī(m)(a measure word)
钢笔gāngbǐ(n)pen

Translation

- What fruit is that? ( that is what fruit )
- That is an apple.
- How many pens are there?
- There are 3 pens.

Conversation 3 : Do you have a dictionary?

-
yǒu
méi
yǒu
cídiǎn ?
词典?
-
yǒu
cídiǎn.
词典。
-
yǒu
běn
cídiǎn ?
词典?
-
yǒu
sān
3
běn
cídiǎn.
词典。
词典cídiǎn(n)dictionary
běn(m)(a measure word)

Translation

- Do you have a dictionary? ( You have don't have a dictionary )
- I have a dictionary.
- How many dictionary do you have?
- I have 3 dictionary.

Conversation 4 : Is this your dictionary?

- Zhè
běn
cídiǎn
词典
shì
nǐ de
你的
ma ?
吗?
- Shì de,
是的,
zhè
běn
cídiǎn
词典
shì
wǒde.
我的。
是的shìdeyes

Translation

- Is this your dictionary? ( This dictionary is yours? )
- Yes, this is my dictionary. ( This dictionary is mine. )

Grammar

Measure word

A numeral alone cannot function as an attribute but must be combined with a measure word inserted between the numeral and the noun it modifies.
Example:
- 一 one person
- 两 商店 two shops
- 一 one book
- 三 地图 three maps

Noun and measure words

Every noun as a rule has its own specific measure words. Of all the measure words 个 is the most often used. It can be placed before a noun denoting a person, thing or place.
Example:
  • 个 : 人 ( people ) 学生 ( student ) 商店 ( shop )
  • 本 : 书 ( book ) 词典 ( dictionary )
  • 张 : 报纸 ( newspaper ) 地图 ( map )
  • 条 : 毛巾 ( towel )
  • 把 : 雨伞 ( umbrella )
  • Exercises : Substitution Drills

    Exercise 1

    - Zhè
    shì
    shénme ?
    什么
    - Zhè
    shì
    shū.
    pen
    地图dìtúmap
    本子běnzinotebook
    报纸bàozhǐnewspaper
    卫生纸wèishēngzhǐtoilet paper
    餐巾纸cānjīnzhǐnapkin paper
    毛巾máojīntowel
    雨伞yǔsǎnumbrella
    杯子bēizicup, glass

    Exercise 2

    -
    yǒu
    běn
    cídiǎn ?
    词典
    -
    yǒu
    sān
    3
    běn
    cídiǎn.
    词典
    Measure wordNoun
    ge本子běnzinotebook
    杯子bēizicup, glass
    苹果píngguǒapple
    zhāng报纸bàozhǐnewspaper
    地图dìtúmap
    běnshūbook
    杂志zázhìmagazine
    词典cídiǎndictionary
    雨伞yǔsǎnumbrella

    Memorize, practice and test your vocabulary from lesson 11
    Online chinese exercises
    Review and memorize online chinese lessons vocabulary. Characters, pinyin and english definition.

    Next Lesson

    Learn Chinese, free online audio courses
    Learn to ask "how many, how much" in Chinese, grammar, examples and exercises.
    Vocabulary: price, Do you sell Beijing maps?


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