Conversation 1 : In the Restaurant

- Nǐmen
你们
èr
wèi
chī
diǎnr
点儿
shénme ?
什么?
- Yǒu
càidān
菜单
ma ?
吗?
Xiān
kàn
yíxià
一下
càidān.
菜单。
- Zhè
shì
càidān.
菜单。
Nǐmen
你们
xiān
kàn
yíxià.
一下。
- Xiān
lǎi
sān
liángcài,
凉菜,
bànhuángguā,
拌黄瓜,
pánr
盘儿
huāshēngmǐ,
花生米,
jiàngniúròu.
酱牛肉。
wèi(m)(a measure word)
菜单càidān(n)menu
xiān(adv)first, earlier
一下yíxià(n)once, one time
拌黄瓜bànhuángguā(n)cucumber salad
pán(n)plate
花生米huāshēngmǐ(n)shelled peanut
酱牛肉jiàngniúròu(n)beef cooked with soy sauce


- Rècài
热菜
ne ?
呢?
Yào
shénme
什么
rècài ?
热菜?
- Lái
bàn
zhī
kǎoyā,
烤鸭,
yúxiāngròusī.
鱼香肉丝。
zhī(m)(a measure word)
鱼香肉丝yúxiāngròusī(n)"fish-smelling" hot shredded meat


- Yào
shénme
什么
tāng?
汤?
-
xīhóngshì
西红柿
jīdàn
鸡蛋
tāng,
汤,
wǎn
mǐfàn.
米饭。
sān
bēizi.
杯子。
huì
yòng
kuàizi,
筷子,
nín
gěi
sháozi
勺子
dāozi,
刀子,
chāzi.
叉子。
- Hái
yào
shénme
什么
ma ?
吗?
-
yào
le.
了。
...
...
Xiǎojiě,
小姐,
jiézhàng.
结账。
tāng(n)soup
wǎn(n)bowl
(v)take
杯子bēizi(n)glass
huì(v)know, be able to
yòng(v)use
筷子kuàizi(n)chopsticks
gěi(v)give
勺子sháozi(n)ladle
(m)(a measure word)
刀子dāozi(n)knife
叉子chāzi(n)fork
le(part)(a modal particle)
结账jiézhàng(n)bill

Translation

- What would you (two) like to eat?
- Do you have a menu? First have a look at the menu.
- Here is the menu? Please have a look.
- We'll first have 3 cold dishes, a cucumber salad, a plate of shelled peanut and a beef cooked with soy sauce.
- And what about hot dishes? What hot dishes would you like?
- We'll have a half roast duck and a "fish-smelling" hot shredded meat.
- What soup do you want?
- An egg and tomato soup, and a bowl of rice. Bring 3 glasses. He can't use chopsticks, please bring him a spoon and a pair of knife and fork.
- Do you want something else?
- No... Miss, the bill please.

Grammar

The modal particle 了

When the modal particle 了 is added at the end of a sentence, it indicates changed circumstances.
- 我不要 了。
- 我不去上海 了。
- 我是老师 了。

Helping verbs 会, 想, 要, 应, 该

Helping verbs such as 会, 想, 要, 应 and 该 are more often than not to appear before verbs to express ability, possibility, intention, wishes.
Example:
- 我 用筷子。 I know how to use chopsticks.
- 我喜欢 吃中餐。 I like to eat chinese food.
- 我 去北京。 I would like to go to Peking.
- 你应该 买一张地图。 You should buy a map.

Exercises : Substitution Drills

Exercise 1

- Nǐmen
你们
èr
wèi
chī
diǎnr
点儿
shénme ?
什么
- Lái
zhī
kǎoyā
烤鸭
.
Measure wordNoun
凉菜liángcàicold dish
下酒菜xiàjiǔcàicold dish
盘儿pánr花生米huāshēngmǐpeanuts
热菜rècàihot dish
wǎn米饭mǐfànrice
bēi啤酒píjiǔbeer

Exercise 2

- Yǒu
càidān
菜单
ma ?
吗?
- Yǒu
有,
zhè
shì
càidān
菜单
.
包子bāozisteamed stuffed bun
面条miàntiáonoodles
饺子jiǎozidumplings
烤鸭kǎoyāroast duck
fish

Exercise 3

- Hái
yào
shénme
什么
ma ?
吗?
-
sān
liángcài
凉菜
Quant.Meas.Noun
liǎng面包miànbāobread
1刀子dāoziknife
3sǎn筷子kuàizichopstick
1zhāng餐巾纸cānjīnzhǐtable napkin
5píng红酒hóngjiǔwine

Memorize, practice and test your vocabulary from lesson 16
Online chinese exercises
Review and memorize online chinese lessons vocabulary. Characters, pinyin and english definition.

Next Lesson

Learn Chinese, free online audio courses
Grammar : pivotal sentence. Examples and exercises.
Vocabulary: Come on, let's make a toast to our friendship.

Page served in 0.008s