Conversation 1 : Who is it?

- Shéi
ya ?
呀?
Děng
yíhuìr.
一会儿。
- Shì
wǒ,
我,
Xiǎo
Wáng.
王。
- Qǐng
jìn.
进。
Qǐng
zuò.
坐。
Qǐng
chá.
茶。
- Xièxie !
谢谢!
àirén
爱人
zài
jiā
ma ?
吗?
- Zài.
在。
jièshào
介绍
yíxià,
一下,
zhè
shì
àirén.
爱人。
ya(part)(a modal particle)
děng(v)wait
一会儿yíhuìr(n)a little while
xiǎo(adj)little young
qǐng(v)please
jìn(v)enter
zuò(v)sit
爱人àirén(n)husband, wife
zài(v)be at
jiā(n)home, family
介绍jièshào(n)introduce
一下yíxià(n)once, a bit

Translation

- Who ( is it ) ? Wait a moment.
- It's me, "young" Wang.
- Please come in, have a sit, have some tea.
- Thank you! Is your wife home?
- Yes, let me introduce you, this is my wife.

Conversation 2 : How many people are they in your family?

-
jiā
yǒu
kǒu
rén ?
人?
-
kǒu
rén,
人,
hái
yǒu
fùmǔ
父母
háizi.
孩子。
- Tīngshuō
听说
yǒu
jiějie
姐姐
shì
ma ?
吗?
- Shì
a.
zài
Běijīng
北京
gōngzuò.
工作。
-
zuò
shénme
什么
gōngzuò ?
工作?
-
shì
dàifu.
大夫。
-
zài
yīyuàn
医院
gōngzuò ?
工作?
-
zài
Běijīng
北京
Yīyuàn
医院
gōngzuò.
工作。
kǒu(m)(a measure word)
父母fùmǔ(n)parents
听说tīngshuō(v)be told
a(part)(a modal particle)
工作gōngzuò(v)work
(n)job
大夫dàifu(n)doctor
医院yīyuàn(adj)hospital

Translation

- How many people are they in your family? ( Your family have how many people ? )
- 5 people, with my parents and one child.
- I've heard you have an elder sister, is it true?
- Yes she works in Beijing.
- What does she do ( for a work ) ?
- She is a doctor.
- In which hospital does she work?
- She works in the Beijing Hospital.

Grammar

The preposition 在

The preposition 在, together with its object, forms a prepositional construction which is often placed before the verb as an adverbial adjunct.
Examples:
- 我 在 医院 工作 ( I work at the hospital )
- 我 在 大学 上班 ( I work at the university )

The verbal measure word 下

下 is a verbal measure word. The verbal measure words are placed after the verb. 一下 shows that an action lasts for a very short time.
Examples:
- 我 介绍 一下 ( Let me introduce )
- 你 看 一下 ( Have a look ! )

Phrase structure

When a noun is used to modify another noun, it usually doesn't take 的 after it.
Example:
- 北京 医院 : Beijing hospital, and not 北京 的 医院
- 大学 老师 : University teacher
- 公司 职员 : Company employee

Exercises : Substitution Drills

Exercise 1

-
àirén
爱人
zài
jiā
ma ?
吗?
- ( Bú )
(不)
zài.
在。
爷爷yéyegrandfather (paternal)
奶奶nǎinǎigrandmother (paternal)
祖父zǔfùgrandfather
祖母zǔmǔgrandmother
父亲fùqinfather
母亲mǔqinmother
孩子háizichild, children
儿子érzison
女儿nǚ'érdaughter
爸爸bàbadad
妈妈māmamum
哥哥gēgeelder brother
弟弟dìdiyounger brother
姐姐jiějieelder sister
妹妹mèimeiyounger sister

Exercise 2

-
jiā
yǒu
kǒu
rén ?
人?
-
kǒu
rén.
人。
Sub. 1Sub. 2
he
你朋友nǐpéngyouyour friend
张老师ZhānglǎoshīProfessor Zhang
我的同学wǒdetóngxuémy classmate
王小姐WángxiǎojiěMiss Wang

Exercise 3

-
zuò
shénme
什么
gōngzuò ?
工作?
-
shì
dàifu
大夫
.
工程师gōngchéngshīengineer
职员zhíyuánoffice worker
经理jīnglǐmanager
商人shāngrénbusinessman
公司职员gōngsīzhíyuánemployee
公务员gōngwùyuánpublic servant
售货员shòuhuòyuánsale assistant
律师lǜshīlawyer
司机sījīdriver
工人gōngrénworker
农民nóngmínpeasant
服务员fúwùyuánattendant, waiter

Memorize, practice and test your vocabulary from lesson 18
Online chinese exercises
Review and memorize online chinese lessons vocabulary. Characters, pinyin and english definition.

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Grammar : Direct and indirect object. Examples and exercises.
Vocabulary: Are you a student? Do you speak English?

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