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Conversation 1 : Are you a student?

-
shì
xuésheng
学生 ba ?
吧?
- Shì
de,
的,
shì
dàxuéshēng.
大学生。
-
shì
dàxué
大学
de
xuésheng ?
学生?
-
shì
Běijīng
北京
Dàxué
大学
de
xuésheng.
学生。
-
xuéxí
学习
shénme
什么
zhuānyè ?
专业?
- Xuéxí
学习
Hànyǔ.
汉语。
Shì
lǎoshī
老师
jiāo
wǒmen.
我们。
ba(part)(a modal particle)
是的shìderight, yes
大学dàxué(n)university
学生xuésheng(n)student
大学生dàxuéshēng(n)university student
学习xuéxí(v)study, learn
专业zhuānyè(n)speciality
汉语Hànyǔ(n)chinese language, mandarin
jiāo(v)teach

Translation

- Are you a student?
- Yes, I'm a university student.
- From which university? ( You are a student of which university? )
- I'm a Beijing University student.
- What is your major? ( You are studiying what speciality ? )
- I study Chinese. Professor Li is teaching us.

Conversation 2 : Do you speak English?

- Nǐmen
你们
xuéxí
学习
wàiyǔ
外语
ma ?
吗?
-
xué
Yīngyǔ.
英语。
huì
shuō
Yīngyǔ
英语
ma ?
吗?
- Huì
shuō
yìdiǎnr.
一点儿。
kǒuyǔ
口语
zěnmeyàng ?
怎么样?
-
hǎo.
好。
Yǐngyǔ
英语
shuō
de
zěnmeyàng ?
怎么样?
- Hái
kěyǐ.
可以。
Lǎoshī
老师
jiāo
de
bǐjiào
比较
hǎo.
好。
-
juéde
觉得
Yīngyǔ
英语
nánxué
难学
ma ?
吗?
-
tài
nán,
难,
dànshì
但是
yào
duō
tīng
听,
duō
shuō.
说。
外语wàiyǔ(n)foreign language
shuō(v)speak, say
英语Yīngyǔ(n)English language
一点儿yìdiǎnr(m)a little
口语kǒuyǔ(n)spoken language, oral
怎么样zěnmeyàng(pro)how
hǎo(adj)good
de(part)(a structural part)
还可以háikěyǐpassable
比较bǐjiào(adv)relatively
nán(adj)difficult
难学nánxué(adj)difficult to learn
tài(adv)too (much)
但是dànshì(conj)but
yào(v)should
duō(adj)many
tīng(v)listen, hear

Translation

- Are you learning a foreign language?
- I'm learning English. Do you speak English?
- A little. What about your oral english?
- Bad. How is your English?
- Not that bad. Our teacher teaches relatively good.
- Do you think English is difficult to learn.
- Not too difficult, but you have to hear it a lot and to speak it a lot.

Grammar

The structural particle 得

Simple complement of degree is usually made of an adjective and the structural particle 得 which is used to connect the verb and its complement of degree.
The negative form is made by adding 不 before the complement.
Examples:
- 他 英语 说 很好。( He speaks English very well )
- 你 汉语 说 怎么样? ( How is your English? )
- 她 汉语 教 很好。( She teaches English very well )

Direct and indirect object

The verb 教 (jiāo) can take two objects. The first one, mostly a personal noun or pronoun, is called an indirect object and the second one, mostly a noun of non-personal reference, is named the direct object.
Examples:
- 王老师 教 我们 口语( Professor Wang teaches spoken language to us )
- 张老师 教 他们 语法( Professor Zhang teaches grammar to them )

The modal particle 吧

The usage of the modal particle 吧 (ba) is to express as interrogatives tone of a guess.
Examples:
- 你是学生吧?( You're a student ? )
- 她会说英语吧?( She can speak english ? )
- 你去北京吧?( You're going to Beijing ? )

Exercises : Substitution Drills

Exercise 1

-
shì
xuésheng
学生
ba ?
吧?
- Shì
de.
的。
大学生dàxuéshēngcollege student
中学生zhōngxuéshēngmiddle school student
小学生xiǎoxuéshēngprimary school student
外国人wàiguórénforeigner
老师lǎoshīteacher

Exercise 2

-
shì
dàxué
大学
de
xuésheng ?
学生?
-
shì
Běijīng
北京
Dàxué
大学
de
xuésheng.
学生。
Sub. 1Sub. 2
大学dàxuéuniversity老师lǎoshī
公司gōngsīcompany职员zhíyuán
医院yīyuànhospital大夫dàifu
学校xuéxiàoschool学生xuésheng
工厂gōngchǎngfactory工人gōngrén
银行yínhángbank职员zhíyuán

Exercise 3

-
Yīngyǔ
英语
shuō
de
zěnmeyàng ?
怎么样?
-
Yīngyǔ
英语
shuō
de
hái kěyǐ
还可以
VerbAdj.
jiāoteach很好hénhǎo
shuōspeak不错búcuò
xiěwrite还可以háikěyǐ
read非常好fēichánghǎo

Memorize, practice and test your vocabulary from lesson 19
Online chinese exercises
Review and memorize online chinese lessons vocabulary. Characters, pinyin and english definition.

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Learn how to ask someone's address and telephone number. Grammar : nominal construction. Examples and exercises.
Vocabulary: Where do you live? What's your phone number?


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