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Conversation 1 : Where do you live?

-
zhù
nǎr ?
哪儿?
-
zhù
Xuéyuàn lù
学院路
shíwǔ
15
hào,
号,
shì
Hǎidiànqū.
海淀区。
-
zhǔ
de
shì
lóufáng
楼房
háishì
还是
píngfáng ?
平房?
- Shì
lóufáng.
楼房。
zhù
hào
lóu.
楼。
-
zhù
zài
céng ?
层?
-
zhù
shísān
13
céng.
层。
-
zhù
duōshao
多少
hào
fángjiān ?
房间?
- èr yī sì
214
hào
fángjiān.
房间。
zhù(v)live
(n)road
学院xuéyuàn(n)college
学院路Xuéyuànlù(n)( a road name )
海淀区Hǎidiànqū(n)( a district name )
楼房lóufáng(n)building
平房píngfáng(n)single-storey house
lóu(n)building
céng(n)floor, storey
hào(n)number
房间fángjiān(n)room

Translation

- Where do you live?
- I live 15, Xueyuan Road, in the Haidian district.
- You live in a building or in a house?
- In a building, the building number 8.
- On what floor do you live?
- The 13th floor.
- What's the number of your room? ( You live in what number's room ? )
- Room 214.

Conversation 2 : What's your phone number?

-
néng
gàosu
告诉
jiā
de
diànhuà
电话
ma ?
吗?
- Kěyǐ.
可以。
Zhè
shì
de
míngpiàn
名片
dìzhǐ.
地址。
-
jiā
de
diànhuà
电话
shì
duōshao ?
多少?
- 23416836.
23416836。
Lái
yǐqián
以前
gěi
diànhuà.
电话。
Rúguǒ
如果
zài
jiā,
家,
shǒujī
手机。
néng(v)can, be able
告诉gàosu(v)tell
电话diànhuà(n)telephone
可以kěyǐ(v)can, be possible
名片míngpiàn(n)business card
地址dìzhǐ(n)address
以前yǐqián(n)before
gěi(v)give
打电话dǎdiànhuà(v)make a phone call
如果rúguǒ(conj)if
手机shǒujī(n)mobile phone

Translation

- Can you tell me your home phone number?
- Yes. Here is my business card with my address?
- What is your home phone number?
- 23416836? Before coming give me a call. If I am not home call my mobile.

Grammar

Subject + Verb + 的

的 constructions of this kind, composed of a subject and a verb plus 的, are nominal construction.
Examples:
- 我 住 是 楼房。( the place I live is a building )
- 她 学 是 汉语。( what she's learning is Mandarin )
- 他 去 是 北京。( Where he goes is Beijing )

The prepositional construction 给

The prepositional construction 给... and its object are very often used in front of the verb as an adverbial adjunct.
Examples:
- 我 给 我朋友 打 电话。( I give a call to my friend )
- 我 给 姐姐 打 电话。( I give a call to my sister )

Exercises : Substitution Drills

Exercise 1

-
zhù
nǎr ?
哪儿?
-
zhù
Xuéyuànlù 15 hào.
学院路15号。
海淀区HǎidiànqūHaidian district
朝阳区CháoyángqūChaoyang district
西城区XīchéngqūXicheng district
上海路ShànghǎilùShanghai Road

Exercise 2

-
zhù
de
shì
lóufáng
楼房
ma ?
吗?
-
zhù
de
shì
lóufáng.
楼房。
Sub. 1Sub. 2
drink咖啡kāfēi
chīeat中餐zhōngcān
xuéstudy汉语Hànyǔ
go北京Běijīng

Exercise 3

-
néng
gàosu
告诉
nǐdediànhuà
你的电话
ma ?
吗?
- Kěyǐ.
可以。
你的名字nǐ de míngziyour name
你的房间号nǐ de fángjiānhàoyour room number
你的姓名nǐdexìngmíngyour last and first name
你的专业nǐdezhuānyèyour speciality

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