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Conversation 1 : I'm looking for Little Wang?

- Wèi,
喂,
zhǎo
xiǎo
wáng.
王。
-
jiù
shì,
是,
yǒu
shénmē
什么
shìr
事儿
ma?
吗?
- Lǎoshī
老师
ràng
gàosu
告诉
nǐ,
你,
míngtiān
明天
yǒu
kǎoshì,
考试,
kǎo
yǔfǎ
语法。
gàn
shénme
什么
ne?
呢?
-
zhèngzài
正在
kàn
diànshì
电视
ne,
呢,
ne?
呢?
- Fùxí
复习
kèwén
课文
ne.
呢。
Yǒu
jùzǐ
句子
dǒng.
懂。
-
wèishénme
为什么
wèn
lǎoshī?
老师?
- Wàng
le.
了。
wèi(inter)hello
zhǎo(v)look for
jiù(adv)just
事儿shìr(n)thing
ràng(v)let, make
考试kǎoshì(n)examination
gàn(v)do
ne(part)(a modal particle)
正在zhèngzài(v)in process of
电视diànshì(n)television
复习fùxí(n)review
课文kèwén(n)text
句子jùzǐ(n)sentence
dǒng(v)understand
为什么wèishénme(pro)why
wèn(v)ask
wàng(v)forget

Translation

- Hello, I'm looking for Little Wang?
- It's me, what do you need?
- ( Our ) teacher asked me to tell you, ( we ) have an examination tomorrow, testing grammar. What are you doing?
- I'm watching TV, and you?
- I'm reviewing my lessons. There is a sentence I don't understand.
- Why don't you ask the teacher?
- I forgot !

Conversation 2 : Can you translate that for me?

-
néng
gěi
fānyì
翻译
yīxià
一下
ma ?
吗?
-
kè?
课?
yè?
页?
háng
行?
-
kè.
课。
shí
yè?
页。
háng
行。
-
dǒng.
懂。
hái
méi
kàn
ne.
呢。
- wèn
yīxià
一下
jiějie.
姐姐。
ràng
bāngzhù
帮助
yīxià.
一下。
-
xiànzài
现在
méi
shíjiān,
时间,
zài
zuò
fàn
ne.
呢。
翻译fānyì(v)translate
(prefix)(used before numeral)
(n)lesson
(n)page
háng(n)line
时间shíjiān(n)time
帮助bāngzhù(v)help
做饭zuòfàn(v)do the cooking

Translation

- Can you translate ( it ) for me?
- Which lesson, which page, which line?
- Lesson 5, page 10, line 4. ( the fifth lesson, the tenth page, the fourth line )
- I don't understand either. I haven't looked at it yet.
- Ask your older sister. Let her help for a moment.
- She has no time now. She is cooking.

Grammar

Verb 让

(ràng) is usually used when asking someone to do something. 让 is followed immediately by the person being asked to do something.
Examples:
- 老师 我 告诉 你。( the teacher let me tell you. )
- 妈妈 我 去 买 东西。( Mother asked me to buy things. )
- 她 我 问 你。( She let me ask you. )

Action in progress 正在

To show that an action is in progress:
  • place either one of the verb 正在 or 在 before the verb
  • or place 呢 at the end of the sentence
在 is very often used together with 呢 to express the progressive aspect.
Examples:
- 我 正在 看 电视 ( I am watching TV. )
- 我 打 电话 ( I am making a call. )
- 我 吃饭 ( I am eating. )

Exercises : Substitution Drills

Exercise 1

-
zhǎo
shéi
谁?
-
zhǎo
xiǎo Wáng.
小王。
1. 谁 (shéi) who?
我的朋友wǒde péngyoumy friend
王老师Wáng lǎoshīProfessor Wang
李小姐Lǐ xiǎojiěMiss Li
2. 什么 (shénmē) what?
我的书wǒde shūmy book
我的东西wǒde dōngxīmy things
我的词典wǒde cídiǎnmy dictionary

Exercise 2

- Lǎoshī
老师
ràng
nǐmen
你们
gàn
shénme
什么?
- Lǎoshī
老师
ràng
wǒmen
我们
fùxí
复习
yǔfǎ
语法。
VerbObject
预习yùxíprepare 生词shēngcínew words
niànread 课文kèwéntext
xiěwrite 汉字hànzìChinese characters
liànpractise 发音fāyīnpronunciation
tīnglisten 录音lùyīnrecord

Exercise 3

-
zài
gàn
shénme
什么
ne?
呢?
-
zhèngzài
正在
kàn
diànshì
电视。
VerbObject
tīnglisten 音乐yīnyuèmusic
kànread 报纸bàozhǐnewspaper
xiěwrite xìnletter
make 电话diànhuàphone call

Next Lesson

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Grammar, Examples and Exercises.
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