Conversation 1 : How long have you been in Beijing?

-
lái
Běijing
北京
duōcháng
多长
shíjiān
时间
le?
了?
- Yǐjīng
已经
bàn
duō
yuè
le.
了。
- Zhèr
这儿
de
shēnghuó
生活
xíguàn
习惯
le
ma?
吗?
- Hái
méi
xíguàn
习惯
ne.
呢。
cháng(adj)long
多长duōchánghow long
已经yǐjīng(adv)already
生活shēnghuó(n)life
习惯xíguàn(v)get accustomed

Translation

- How long have you been in Beijing?
- For more than half a month already.
- Are you accustomed to life here?
- I’m still not used to it.

Conversation 2 : How long have you studied Chinese?

- Lái
yǐqián
以前
xué
guo
yuè
Hànyǔ?
汉语?
- Liù
yuè.
月。
xīngqī
星期
yǒu
sān
xiǎoshí
小时
kè.
课。
-
dǎsuàn
打算
xuéxí
学习
duōcháng
多长
shíjiān?
时间?
-
yuè.
月。
cānjiā
参加
de
shì
duǎnqī bān.
短期班。
小时xiǎoshí(n)hour
(n)courses, lesson
打算dǎsuàn(v)plan
参加cānjiā(v)take part in
短期duǎnqī(adj)short-term
bān(n)class
短期班duǎnqī bān(n)short-term class

Translation

- Before coming, how many months had you studied Chinese?
- Six months. Three hours of lessons per week. (one week, three hours of lesson)
- How long do you plan to study?
- Five months. I am enrolled in a short-term class.

Conversation 3 : Did you finish studying this book?

- Zhè
běn
shū
nǐmen
你们
xué
wán
le
ma?
吗?
- Gāng
kāishǐ,
开始,
hái
méi
xué
wán
ne.
呢。
- Nǐmen
你们
xué
dào
le?
了?
-
kè.
课。
Wǒmen
我们
tiān
xué
kè.
课。
- Lǎoshī
老师
jiǎng
de
màn
慢,
gòu
kuài
de.
的。
wán(v)finish
gāng(adv)only a short while ago
开始kāishǐ(v)begin
dào(v)arrive to
jiǎng(v)teach, explain
màn(adj)slow
gòu(adv)enough
kuài(adj)fast, quick

Translation

- Did you finish studying this book?
- We just started. We have not finished studying it yet.
- What lesson have you studied to?
- Lesson 8. We study one lesson a day.
- The teacher doesn’t teach slowly, it’s quite fast.

Grammar

Time-measure complement了 and 过

A time-measure complement placed after a verb shows the duration of an action or a state.
Examples:
- 我 到 北京 一个月 ( I arrived in Beijing one month ago. )
- 我 学 一 年 汉语。( I've learned chinese for one year )

Resultative complement 完 or 到

The resultative complement, expressed either by a verb or an adjective, indicates the result of an action. The resultative complement 完 is a verb, and 好 is an adjective.
Examples:
- 我们 学完 这 本 书 了。( We have finished the study of this book )
- 我  看完 杂志 了。( I have finished reading my magazine )
- 我  没看完( I have'nt finished reading )
- 我们 学到 第三课 了。( We've learned until the 3rd lesson )

Approximate indicator of number 多

多 as an approximate indicator of number, may be used between a measure word and a noun, or after a measure-noun, to express the remainder of a round figure.
Examples:
- 一个 月。( more than a month )
- 一年 ( more than a year )
- 一个 小时。( more than an hour )

Exercises : Substitution Drills

Exercise 1

-
lái
Běijing
北京
duōcháng
多长
shíjiān
时间
le
了?
- Yǐjīng
已经
bàn gè duō yuè
半个多月
le
了。
sì niánfour years
bàn niánhalf a year
sān tiānthree days
sān gè yuèthree month
半月sān gè bàn yuèa month and a half
星期sì gè xīngqīfour weeks

Exercise 2

-
Zhè běn shū
这本书
nǐmen
你们
xué
wán
le
ma
吗?
- Hái
méi
xué
wán
ne
呢。
NounVerb
shūbook kànread
东西dōngxīthings mǎibuy
chátea drink
练习liànxíexercise zuòdo
fànrice, meal chīeat

Exercise 3

- Nǐmen
你们
xué
dào
le?
了?
-
8
课。
VerbQ.Measure
kànread hángline
xuéstudy lesson
niànread aloud page
复习fùxíreview lesson

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Grammar, Examples and Exercises.
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