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Conversation 1 : Can you read English newspapers?

-
kàn
jiàn
Xiǎo
Wáng
le
ma?
吗?
- Kàn
jiàn
le.
了。
zài
nàr
那儿
kàn
bào
ne.
呢。
-
kàn
de
dǒng
Yīngwén
英文
bào
ma?
吗?
- Yǒude
有的
kàn
de
dǒng
懂,
yǒude
有的
kàn
dǒng.
懂。
-
tīng
de
dǒng
yīngyǔ
英语
guǎngbō
广播
ma?
吗?
- Xiànzài
现在
hái
tīng
dǒng.
懂。
Rúguó
如果
nǔlì
努力
xuéxí,
学习,
jiānglái
将来
yídìng
一定
néng
tīngdǒng.
听懂。
jiàn(v)see
bào(n)newspaper
dǒng(v)understand
英文Yīngwén(n)English
英语Yīngyǔ(n)English
广播guǎngbō(n)broadcast
如果rúguǒ(conj)if
努力nǔlì(adj)try hard
将来jiānglái(n)future
一定yídìng(adv)certainly

Translation

- Have you seen Little Wang?
- I’ve seen him. He’s over there, reading the newspaper.
- Can you understand (read with understanding) English newspapers?
- Some I understand and some I don’t understand.
- Can you understand (listen with understanding) English broadcast.
- Not yet (Now I still don't understand). If I study hard, I will certainly be able to understand.

Conversation 2 : Can I borrow your book?

- Zhè
běn
shū
míngtiān
明天
kàn
de
wán
ma?
吗?
- Yàoshi
要是
zuòyè
作业
bùduō,
不多,
néng
kàn
de
wán.
完。
- Kàn
wán
hòu
后,
jiè
kànkan,
看看,
kěyǐ
可以
ma?
吗?
- Xíng.
行。
Bié
diū
le.
了。
Xiànzài
现在
mǎi
dào
le.
了。
- Fàngxin
放心
ba.
吧。
Diū
liǎo.
了。
Xiàwǔ
下午
lái
ma?
吗?
- Xiàwǔ
下午
yǒu
yuēhuì,
约会,
kěnéng
可能
lái
liǎo.
了。
wán(v)finish
要是yàoshì(conj)if
作业zuòyè(n)homework
hòu(adv)after
jiè(v)lend
可以kěyǐ(v)can, possible
bié(v)don't
diū(v)lose
放心fàngxīn(v)to be at ease
不了bùliǎo(v)be at ease
约会yuēhuì(n)appointment
可能kěnéng(adv)maybe

Translation

- Can you finish reading this book tomorrow?
- If I don't have too much homework, I can finish reading it.
- After reading it, could you lend it to me?
- Yes. Don't lose it, it can’t be bought now.
- Set your mind at ease. I won’t lose it. Are you coming in the afternoon?
- In the afternoon I have an appointment. Maybe I won't be able to come.

Grammar

Potential complement with 得 and 不

A potential complement is formed with the structural particle 得 (de) inserted between a verb an a resultative complement. The negative form is made by replacing 得 with 不 (bù).
Examples:
- 我 看 懂 英文报。( I - read (do) understand - english newspaper : I can read english newspaper. )
- 我 听 懂 汉语。( I - listen (don't) understand - chinese : I don't understand chinese. )
- 我 买 到 这本辞典。( I - buy (do) achieve - this dictionary : I did buy this dictionary. )
- 我 来 了。( I - come (don't) be able : I can't come. )

别 : don't...

别 means "don't" and it is placed before the verb.
Examples:
- 别 丢 了。( Don't lose it )
- 别 买 这本书。( Don't buy this book )
- 别 听 他的话。( Don't listen to him )

Exercises : Substitution Drills

Exercise 1

-
kàn
jiàn
XiǎoWáng
小王
le
ma?
吗?
-
kàn
jiàn
le.
了。
VerbObject
tīng 他说的tāshuōdewhat he said
kàn 我的书wǒdeshūmy book
kàn 老师lǎoshīthe teacher
tīng 我说的wǒshuōdewhat I said

Exercise 2

-
kàn
de
dǒng
Yīngwénbào
英文报
ma
吗?
-
kàn
de
dǒng
懂。
VerbObject
tīng 音乐yīnyuèmusic
kàn 中文报Zhōngwénbàochinese newspaper
tīng 汉语HànyǔChinese
kàn 汉语书Hànyǔshūchinese books

Exercise 3

-
míngtiān
明天
lái
de
liǎo
ma?
吗?
-
kěnéng
可能
lái
liǎo
了。
NounVerb
今天jīntiāntoday go
后天hòutiānafter tomorrow láicome
这本书zhèběnshūthis book diūlose

Next Lesson

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Grammar, Examples and Exercises.
Vocabulary: How do you get to school? Where have you been? Will you take a bus?


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