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Conversation 1 : Who's sitting there?

- Qiáo,
瞧,
shuí
zuò
zài
Xiǎo
yòu bian
右边
ne?
呢?
- Lǎo
Lǐ.
李。
Kǎn jiàn
看见
de
jiāo tōng tú
交通图
le
ma?
吗?
- Kàn jiàn
看见
le,
了,
zài
zhuō zi
桌子
shàng bian
上边
ne.
呢。
qiáo(v)look
zuò(v)sit
右边yòubian(n)the right side
lǎo(adj)old
交通图jiāotōngtú(n)traffic map
桌子zhuōzi(n)table, desk
上边shàngbian(n)up, upward

Translation

- Look, who's sitting on the right of Little Ma?
- Old Li. Have you seen my road map?
- Yes I’ve seen it, it’s on the table.

Conversation 2 : Do you know where Tian'Anmen is?

-
zhī dào
知道
Tiān ān mén
天安门
zài
nǎr
哪儿
ma?
吗?
- Zài
shì
zhōng xīn.
中心。
Zhè
jiù
shì
Tiān ān mén.
天安门。
- Gù gōng
故宫
shì
shì
zài
běi bian?
北边?
- Duì,
对,
Gù gōng
故宫
zài
Tiān ān mén
天安门
běi bian.
北边。
天安门Tiān ān mén(n)(place Tian'Anmen)
shì(n)city
中心zhōng xīn(n)center
jiù(adv)just
故宫Gù gōng(n)the Forbidden City
(pro)it
duì(adj)yes, right, just
北边běi bian(n)north

Translation

- Do you know where Tian'Anmen is?
- In the city center. This is Tian'Anmen.
- Is the Forbidden City located to its north?
- Yes, the Forbidden City is located to the north of Tian'AnMen.

Conversation 3 : Where is the Capital Gymnasium?

- Shǒu dū
首都
tǐ yù guǎn
体育馆
zài
shén me
什么
dì fang?
地方?
- Zài
dòng wù yuán
动物园
tú shú guǎn
图书馆
zhōng jiān.
中间。
首都shǒu dū(n)capital
体育馆tǐ yù guǎn(n)gymnasium
动物园dòng wù yuán(n)zoo
图书馆tú shū guǎn(n)library
中间zhōng jiān(n)between

Translation

- Where (at what place) is the Capital Gymnasium located?
- Between the zoo and the library.

Conversation 4 : Are there some restaurants near the train station?

- Huǒ chē zhàn
火车站
fù jìn
附近
yǒu
méi
yǒu
fàn guǎnr?
饭馆儿?
- Yǒu
有。
Kě yǐ
可以
shuō,
说,
dào chù
到处
shì
fàn guǎnr.
饭馆儿。
- Huǒ chē zhàn
火车站
duì miàn
对面
shì
shé nme
什么
dì fang?
地方?
-
fàn diàn,
饭店,
qián bian
前边
shì
tíng chē chǎng.
停车场。
火车站huǒ chē zhàn(n)train station
附近fù jìn(n)nearby
可以说kě yǐ shuōyou can say
到处dào chù(n)everywhere
对面duì miàn(n)opposite
前边qián bian(n)in front of
停车场tíng chē chǎng(n)parking

Translation

- Are there some restaurants near the train station?
- Yes. You can say, there are restaurants everywhere.
- What is the place across from the train station.
- A hotel / restaurant, and there is a parking lot in front.

Grammar

Phrase structure

In a sentence with 在 (zài) indicating existence, the subject is usually the person or thing concerned and the object is usually a noun denoting position or place.
Examples:
- 故宫天安门 北边。 ( the Forbidden City is to the north of Tian'Anmen. )
- 桌子 上边。 ( the book is on the table. )
- 右边。 ( I'm on his right. )
- 我和她 中间。 ( he is between me and her. )

Phrase structure

In a sentence with 有 (yǒu) 是 (shì) indicating existence the subject is usually a noun denoting position or place and the object is the person or thing concerned.
Examples:
- 车站 附近 很多饭馆。( There are a lot of restaurant near the station. )
- 饭店 对面 停车场。( There is a parking in front of the hotel )

Some position words

- 左 (zuǒ) : left / 右 (yòu) : right
- 东 (dōng) : east / 西 (xī) : west / 南 (nán) : south / 北 (běi) : north
- 前 (qián) : in front of / 后 (hòu) : behind

Exercises : Substitution Drills

Exercise 1

-
zuò
zài
nǎr
哪儿
 
-
zuò
zài
yòubian
右边
 
Noun 1Noun 2
左边zuǒbianleft side
小李Xiǎo Lǐ 右边yòubianright side
后边hòubianbehind
老师lǎoshī 前边qiánbianin front
旁边pángbianside
对面duìmiànopposite

Exercise 2

- Gùgōng
故宫
shì
shì
zài
běibian
北边
 
- Duì,
对,
Gùgōng
故宫
zài
Tiān'ānmén
天安门
běibian
北边
 
Noun 1Noun 2
地铁站dìtiě zhàn 东边dōngbianeast
火车站huǒchē zhàn 西边xībianwest
饭店fàndiàn 南边nánbiansouth
银行yínháng 北边běibiannorth

Exercise 3

-
Chēzhàn
车站
fùjìn
附近
yǒu méi yǒu
有没有
fànguǎnr?
饭馆儿?
- Yǒu
有。
Noun 1Noun 2
飞机场fēijīchǎng 周围zhōuwéiaround
商店shāngdiàn 附近fùjìnnearby
饭店fàndiàn 对面duìmiànopposite
shì 中心zhōngxīncenter

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Where is the Summer Palace? It's not far Beijing University. Grammar, Examples and Exercices.


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