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Conversation 1 : Is the Summer Palace far from here?

- Yí hé yuán
颐和园
zhèr
这儿
yuǎn
yuǎn?
远?
-
yuǎn,
远,
hěn
jìn,
近,
jiù
zài
Běi Dà
北大
xī bian.
西边。
- Cǒng
zhèr
这儿
dào
Běi Dà
北大
yǒu
duō
yuǎn?
远?
- Dàyuē
大约
yǒu
gōng lǐ.
公里。
颐和园Yí hé yuán(n)the Summer Palace
(prep)distance from
yuǎn(n)far away
jìn(adj)near
北大Beì Dà(n)Beijing University
cóng(n)from
dào(n)to
多远duō yuǎn(n)how far
大约dà yuē(n)about, around
公里gōng lǐ(n)kilometre

Translation

- Is the Summer Palace far from here?
- Not far, very close, just on the west side of Beijing University.
- How far is Beijing University from here?
- About 5 kilometers.

Conversation 2 : How long does it take by car?

- Kāi chē
开车
yào
yòng
duō
cháng
shí jiān?
时间?
- Yào shì
要是
dǔ chē
堵车
de huà,
的话, yòng
bù liǎo
不了
bàn
xiǎo shí
小时。
yào(v)need
开车kāi chē(v)drive a car
堵车dǔ chē(n)traffic jam
的话de huà(adv)if
不了bù liǎo(adv)(unable to)
用不了yòng bù liǎo(v)needn't so much

Translation

- How long does it take by car?
- If there's no traffic jam, less than half an hour (won't need half an hour).

Conversation 3 : How to go to the Summer Palace?

- Qǐng
wèn
问,
Yí hé yuán
颐和园
zěn me
怎么
zǒu?
走?
- Yì zhí
一直
wǎng
qián
zǒu,
走,
dào
shí zì lù kǒu
十字路口
xiàng
yòu
guái,
拐,
zǒu
fēn zhōng
分钟
jiù
dào
le.
了。
请问qǐng wènExcuse me
一直yì zhí(adv)straight
wǎng(prep)in the direction of
qián(n)forward, ahead
十字shí zì(n)cross
路口lù kǒu(n)intersection (of roads)
十字路口shí zì lù kǒu(n)crossroads
xiàng(n)to, in the direction of
guǎi(n)turn

Translation

- Excuse me, how to go to the Summer Palace?
- Go straight forward, at the crossroads, turn right, walk 5 minutes and you'll be arrived.

Conversation 4 : Can I park my car here?

- Láo jià
劳驾,
zhèr
这儿
néng
tíng
chē
ma?
吗?
-
xíng,
行,
guò
le
hóng lǜ dēng
红绿灯
kěyǐ.
可以。
- Hǎo,
好,
jiù
tíng
zài
zhèr
这儿
ba.
吧。
xià
chē.
车。
劳驾Láo jiàExcuse me
tíng(b)stop
guò(v)pass
红绿灯hóng lǜ dēng(n)traffic light
xià(v)go down, get off

Translation

- Excuse me, can I park ( stop ) my car here?
- No. Passing the first traffic jam you can.
- Good, then let's stop here. I get off the car.

Grammar

Phrase structure

Usage of the preposition 离 (lí)
place A + 离 + place B + adjective
Examples:
- 颐和园 这儿 很远。 ( the Summer Palace is far from here. )
- 北京 天津 不远。 ( Beijing is not far from Tianjin. )

The adverb 多

The adverb 多 (duō) often goes before monosyllabic adjectives such as 远 (yuǎn, far) - 长 (cháng, long) - 大 (dà, big) to ask about degree or extent.
Examples:
- ( how far )
- 长 时间 ( how long time )
- ( how big )

Exercises : Substitution Drills

Exercise 1

-
Yíhéyuán
颐和园
zhèr
这儿
yuǎn
yuǎn
远?
-
yuǎn
远。
Noun 1Noun 2
中国Zhōngguó 美国Měiguó
商店shāngdiàn 银行yínháng
飞机场fēijīchǎng 火车站huǒchēzhàn
图书馆túshūguǎn 书店shūdiàn

Exercise 2

- Cóng
zhèr
这儿
dào
Běi Dà
北大
yǒu
duō
yuǎn
远?
- Dà yuē
大约
yǒu
wǔ gōng lǐ
5公里
 
Quant.Unit
10 公里gōng lǐkilometer
100 meter
25 英里yīng lǐmile

Exercise 3

-
Kāi chē
开车
yào
yòng
duō
cháng
shí jiān
时间?
- Yòng
liǎo
bàn gè xiǎoshí
半个小时
 
Sub 1Sub 2
走路zǒu lù 1个小时yī gè xiǎoshí
坐汽车zuò qìchē 10分钟shí fēn zhōng
开车kāi chē 1克钟yī kè zhōng
坐地铁zuò dìtiě 半个小时bàn gè xiǎoshí
骑单车qí dānchē 10分钟shí fēn zhōng

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What will the weather be tomorrow? What will be the temperature? Beijing weather. Grammar, Examples and Exercices.


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