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Conversation 1 : What will the weather be tomorrow?

- Xià yǔ
下雨
le.
了,
Míng tiān
明天
tiān qì
天气
zěn me yàng?
怎么样?
- Tiān qì
天气
yù bào
预报
shuō:
说:
míng tiān
明天
shì
qíngtiān.
晴天。
- Míng tiān
明天
yǒu
fēng
ma?
吗?
Lěng
lěng?
冷?
- Yǒu
fēng.
风。
Zǎo shang
早上
yǒu diǎnr
有点儿
liáng
凉。
(n)rain
下雨xià yǔ(v)to rain
天气tiān qì(n)weather
怎么样zěn me yàng(pro)how
预报yù bào(n)forecast
晴天qíng tiān(n)sunny day
fēng(n)wind
lěng(adj)cold
liáng(adj)cold, cool

Translation

- It's raining. How will be the weather tomorrow?
- The weather forecast said: tomorrow is a sunny day.
- Will it be windy ( tomorrow will there be wind ) ? Will it be cold?
- Windy. And a little cool in the morning.

Conversation 2 : What will be the temperature?

- Míng tiān
明天
de
qì wēn
气温
shì
duō shao
多少
dù?
度?
- Zuì
gāo
wēn dù
温度
shì
dù,
度,
zuì
líng
xià
dù.
度。
气温qì wēn(n)air temperature
(n)degree
温度wēn dù(n)temperature
gāo(adj)high
(adj)low
líng(n)zero
零下língxiàbelow zero

Translation

- What will be the temperature tomorrow?
- The highest temperature will be 5 degrees, the lowest 1 below zero.

Conversation 3 : Is winter in Beijing cold?

- Běi jīng
北京
dōng tiān
冬天
lěng
lěng?
冷?
- Lěng
jí le.
极了。
Yǒu shí hou
有时候
xià xuě.
下雪。
- Xià tiān
夏天
ma?
吗?
Jīng cháng
经常
xià yǔ
下雨
ma?
吗?
- Hěn
rè,
热,
qī bā yuè
7、8月
cháng cháng
常常
xià
yǔ.
雨。
冬天dōng tiān(n)winter
极了jí le(suff)extremely
下雪xià xuě(v)to snow
夏天xià tiān(n)summer

Translation

- Is winter in Beijing cold?
- Extremely cold. And sometimes It snows.
- Is the summer hot? Does it rain often?
- Very hot, it rains frequently in July and August.

Conversation 4 : What about spring and autumn?

- Chūn tiān
春天
qiū tiān
秋天
zěn me yàng?
怎么样?
- Chūn tiān
春天
cháng
guā
fēng,
风,
ér qiě
而且
kōng qì
空气
gān zào.
干燥。
Qiū tiān
秋天
liáng kuài,
凉快,
lěng
rè.
热。
春天chūn tiān(n)spring
秋天qiū tiān(n)autumn
刮风guā fēng(v)to blow (wind)
而且ér qiě(conj)but also
空气kōng qì(n)air
干燥gān zào(adj)dry
凉快liáng kuài(adj)nice and cool

Translation

- What about spring and autumn?
- Spring is often windy and (the air) also very dry. Autumn is nice and cool, neither cold nor hot.

Grammar

Emphasis on adjectives using 极了

The suffix 极了 (jí le) is placed after adjectives.
Examples:
- 天气 极了。 ( The weather is extremely cold. )
- 今天 极了。 ( Today is so hot. )
- 东西 极了。 ( Things are extremely expensive. )

Phrase structure "nor... neither..."

The structure 不... 也不... can link up two adjectives or two verbs.
Examples:
- 今天 也不 热。 ( Today is neither cold nor hot. )
- 故宫 也不 小。 ( The Forbidden City is neither big nor small. )
- 我 喝酒 也不 吸烟。 ( I don't smoke nor drink. )

Exercises : Substitution Drills

Exercise 1

-
Míng tiān
明天
tiān qì
天气
zěn me yàng
怎么样?
-
Míng tiān
明天
tiān qì
天气
hěn hǎo
很好
 
N.Adj.
今天jīn tiān 不好bù hǎo
昨天zuó tiān 非常好fēi cháng hǎo
后天hòu tiān 不太好bú tài hǎo
前天qián tiān 不错bú cuò

Exercise 2

- Míng tiān
明天
shì
qíng tiān
晴天
ma
吗?
- Míng tiān
明天
shì
qíng tiān
晴天
 
Adj.
阴天yīn tiāna cloudy day
晴天qíng tiāna sunny day
好天hǎo tiāna nice day

Exercise 3

-
Dōng tiān
冬天
xià xuě
下雪
ma
吗?
- Yǒu shí hou
有时候
xià xuě
下雪
 
N.V.
夏天xià tiān 下雨xià yǔ
春天chūn tiān 刮风guā fēng
秋天qiū tiān 下雨xià yǔ
冬天dōng tiān 刮风guā fēng

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