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Conversation 1 : Are those two the same?

-
xiǎng
gěi
hái zi
孩子
mǎi
jiàn
yīfu.
衣服。
- Nín
xiǎng
mǎi
shén me
什么
yàng
de?
的?
- Nà yàng
那样
de.
的。
Zhè
jiàn
gēn
jiàn
yí yàng
一样
ma?
吗?
-
yí yàng
一样。
Zhè
shì
jìn kóu
进口
de,
的。
Yì dà lì
意大利
de.
的。
gěi(prep)for
jiàn(m)(a measure word for clothing)
衣服yī fu(n)clothing
yàng(n)appearance
gēn(prep)with, as
一样yí yàng(n)the same
进口jìn kǒu(n)import

Translation

- I want to buy a cloth for my child.
- What kind do you want to buy?
- That kind. Are this one and that one the same?
- No. This one is an import.

Conversation 2 : He's taller than me.

- Zhè
jiàn
gēn
jiàn
yí yàng
一样
ma?
吗?
- Yí yàng
一样
da.
大。
dōu
shì
zhōng hào
中号
de.
的。
hái zi
孩子
gāo
ma?
吗?
Zhǎng
de
pàng
pàng?
胖?
-
yī mǐ liù bā.
1米68。
gāo
gōngfēn.
公分。
zhǎng
de
méi
yǒu
pàng,
胖,
shòu
de
duō.
多。
chuān
穿
zhōng hào
中号
de
xiǎo
diǎnr.
点儿。
-
chuān
穿
dà hào
大号
de
bǐ jiào
比较
hé shì.
合适。
中号zhōng hào(n)medium size
(prep)(comparisaon) than
gāo(adj)high, tall
zhǎng(v)grow
pàng(adj)fat
(n)metre
公分gōngfēn(n)centimetre
shòu(adj)thin
穿chuān(v)put on, wear
大号dà hào(n)large size
合适hé shì(adj)suitable

Translation

- Are those two the same size? ( This one is as big as that one? )
- Yes, all are medium size. Is your child taller than you? Is he fat? ( Does he grows fat? )
- I'm 1m68 tall. He's 5 centimetres taller than me. He is not as fat as me, thinner than me. Medium size is a little small on him. ( He wear medium size a little small. )
- Large size should be a good fit for him. ( He wears large size, quite suitable. )

Conversation 3 : What time does your shop close?

- Nǐmen
你们
shāng diàn
商店
diǎn
guān
mén
门?
- Jiǔ
diǎn.
点。
Wǒ men
我们
guān
de
bié rén
别人
wǎn.
晚。
guān(v)close
mén(n)door
bié(adj)other
别人bié rén(n)other people
wǎn(adj)late

Translation

- What time does your shop close?
- 9. We close later than others.

Grammar

Comparison : the same

The construction 跟 (gēn) + 一样 (yí yàng) can be used to compare two things that are either identical or similar.
A 跟 B 一样 adjective
Examples:
- 这件 跟 那件   一样 大? ( This one and that one are as big. )
- 这件 跟 那件 不 一样 大? ( This one and that one are not as big. )

Comparison

The preposition 比 (bǐ) may be used to express comparison between two things.
A 比 B adjective
Examples:
- 我 比 你 高。 ( I'm taller than you. )
- 他 比 你 胖。 ( He is fatter than you. )
- 爸爸 比 妈妈 高。 ( Dad is taller than Mum. )

Comparison (+ degree)

A complement of degree can be added after the adjective.
A 比 B adjective + degree
Examples:
- 我 比 你 搞 五公分。 ( I'm 5cm taller than him. )
- 他 比 我 胖 一点儿。 ( He is a little fatter than me. )

Verbal comparison

比 may also be used to express comparison in sentences with a verbal predicate.
A verb 得 比 B adjective (+ degree)
Examples:
- 他 跑 得 比 我 快。 ( He run faster than me. )
- 我们 关 得 比 别人 晚。 ( We close later than others. )
- 他 长 得 比 我 高 很多。 ( He "grows" much taller than me. )

Exercises : Substitution Drills

Exercise 1

-
xiǎng
gěi
hái zi
孩子
mǎi
shénme?
什么?
-
xiǎng
gěi
hái zi
孩子
mǎi
jiàn
yī fu
衣服
 
Measure wordNoun
jiàn 大衣dà yīovercoat
jiàn 毛衣máo yīsweater
tiáo 裙子qún ziskirt
tiáo 裤子kù zitrousers
dǐng 帽子mào zihat, cap

Exercise 2

-
Nǐ hái zi
你孩子
gāo
ma
吗?
-
gāo
高。
ABadj.
pàng
shòu
中国Zhōngguó 美国Měiguó
中国Zhōngguó 俄罗斯Éluósī xiǎo
你的书nǐdeshū 我的书wǒdeshū duō

Exercise 3

-
hái zi
孩子
gāo
duō shao
多少?
-
gāo
wǔ gōng fēn
5公分
 
adjectivedegree
ǎishort 3公分sān gōng fēn
gāo 5公分wǔ gōng fēn
pàng 一点儿yī diǎnr
shòu 的多de duō

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Doctor, what do I have? Grammar, Examples and Exercices.


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